Getting Planning Permission for Hydro | The Renewable Energy Hub
 

Planning permission for Hydroelectricity

 

Unlike other renewable energy and heat installations, such as solar PV, solar thermal and heat pumps, hydroelectricity schemes do not benefit from ‘permitted development’ rights, which means that obtaining planning permission and agreement from the FERC will always be necessary for every proposed installation. This is due to the scale of hydro systems, which all involve significant building work (though to varying degrees) and can pose a significant environmental and aesthetic impact.

The planning process can be long and complex, so it is advisable to start it as soon as possible. Local planning groups and the FERC will need to see a range of documents before they grant permission for the development of a hydropower system. These may include:

  • system plans
  • a design and access statement which explains the thought process behind the application and how it will fit into the local landscape and benefit the local population
  • information on access for works vehicles
  • a flood risk assessment
  • an indication of the visual impact of the system on its surroundings
  • details of likely system output and physical size

This is an indicative list; other documentation will almost certainly be required.

Depending on the size and nature of the hydro project, the local authority will consult with the local population and other interested parties, such as people who make use of the watercourse (fishing groups, water sports clubs).

In many cases it is politic to discuss your plans with these groups and anyone else who may share an interest in them, including nearby residents and schools, who may be interested in the project for educational purposes. Evidence that you have done this may also serve to increase your chances of securing planning permission, as you will be showing that the proposed installation will have worth for the local community beyond mere economics and ecology.

The are other considerations which must be born in mind, such as if the installation site is located in a Conservation Area or World Heritage site, or if the proposed hydro system has an tangible effect on such an area.

You can find  out more about current rules and regulations by contacting the FER.

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