Renewable Energy Incentives by state for the United States of America
Incentives for getting renewable energy such as solar and wind power installed are available at both a federal and state level. There is, understandably, a good deal of variation between different states and their local commitment to issues such as having a renewable portfolio standard or which technologies they have focused upon.
While installing solar PV in any state can benefit from the federal tax rebate of 30%, regions such as California offer further incentives, while others such as Alabama have been all too slow to catch the renewables bug. Most states offer a number of incentives that are designed to promote uptake of technologies as diverse as solar, wind, hydroelectric, biomass and geothermal. For instance, Texas has great resources for solar while Hawaii is working hard to develop its wind turbine infrastructure.
Despite having the ideal climate for both solar and wind, the state of Alabama has been reticent about renewable technology and the majority of its current provision comes from hydroelectric. That doesn’t mean there are no state incentives in place, and solar is a viable proposition and produces a decent return on investment.
Find out more about renewable energy incentives in Alabama.
Alaska not only has to cope with extremes of temperature but also the rising cost of fuel bills so any help with moving to renewable technology should certainly help. Biomass and wind are major factors in this energy mix and the state has plenty of natural resources to take advantage of.
Discover all the renewable technology incentives in Alaska.
With an RPS of 15% from renewables by 2025, the state of Arizona has good local incentives in place to help with uptake. They have forged ahead with solar for both commercial and residential premises, aided initially by a robust net metering strategy that gave installers plenty of money back in their pockets.
Find out about incentives for renewables in Arizona.
The state has so far focused mainly on biomass but there is plenty of potential for the development of both solar and wind. Arkansas does not have a renewable portfolio standard as many other states do which could be a factor in stalling its further progress. Having said that, there are incentives in place and the return on investment for solar is good.
California is one of the leading states for solar power and has plenty of incentives in place to promote renewable technology. Blessed with long hours of sunshine but also resources to develop both tidal and wind power, it’s one of the best states to be in if you want to embrace green energy production.
Find out more about green incentives in California.
Another leader in the race to increase renewables, Colorado has abundant natural resources which have helped create a healthy wind power industry in the state. It also has one of the biggest solar industries in the US, with over 4,000 workers employed.
Find out about state and federal incentives for Colorado.
With only 3.5% of its energy provided by renewables, you’d be forgiven for thinking that Connecticut wasn’t at the races. With great potential for industries such as off shore wind, though, the state is beginning to catch up and has numerous incentives in place to help residents install solar and other technologies.
Find out more about renewable incentives in Connecticut.
With an RPS in place for 25% of their energy from renewables by 2025, Delaware is another state that has taken solar to its heart. With great potential for wind power too, particularly off shore, there is a lot of optimism that they will be able to reach their target and even surpass it.
While it has plenty of natural resources, Florida has yet to get into renewables in the same way as other states although this is beginning to change slowly. With only 2.3% of its energy coming from renewables, there is obviously some way to go but there are incentives in place and the state has a reasonably robust solar industry.
Discover more about the incentives for renewable on offer in Florida.
With a high dependency on gas and nuclear, Georgia is lagging behind other states when it comes to renewables although there are some incentives in place. It is, however, one of the biggest biomass energy producers in the US and has huge natural resources for both wind and solar.
Explore renewable incentives in Georgia.
Hawaii has some ambitious plans for renewables in the future and is looking to become one of the first fully sustainable states in the US. With a target of getting 100% from clean energy by 2045, it’s no surprise they have a wide range of incentives in place to help local businesses and residents to install technologies such as wind and solar.
Find out more about renewable incentives in Hawaii.
Idaho has great geothermal potential that can be exploited. It also has other natural resources that make it ideal for both wind and solar, while already benefiting from a large proportion of its energy mix coming from hydroelectric.
Find out more about renewable incentives in Idaho.
Despite getting a large proportion of its energy from gas, oil, coal and nuclear, Illinois has an ambitious target for renewables of 25% by 2025. A range of incentives have been introduced for technologies such as solar including the state’s own tax rebate to complement the federal one.
Discover how incentives in Illinois can help install renewable technology.
Indiana is starting to make inroads into the renewable market despite getting 85% of its energy from coal fired plants. There is also the little matter of its huge geothermal capacity as well as more potential to develop their wind power production.
Find out more about incentives for renewables in Indiana.
The state has a strong wind power industry with 27% of electricity coming from this source. It was the first state to introduce a renewable portfolio standard but it still has a fairly small solar PV industry though it has more incentives in place than many others in the US.
Explore incentives for renewable technology in Iowa.
Kansas has recently reversed its renewable mandate of 20%. Despite this has decent incentives in place for the take up of green technology. Wind currently supplies nearly a fifth of the energy needs but the solar industry is still struggling to make a sizeable impact in the state.
With 90% of its energy coming from coal, like many states Kentucky has a long way to go if it is to meet any obligation on renewables. The solar industry is relatively small and wind farm developments have all too often met with local objections. There are incentives in place but these need to be boosted if the state is going to wean itself off fossil fuels.
Louisiana has a growing solar PV market with incentives in place for both residential and commercial installations. Wind power has also been improving with large companies setting up in the state and providing jobs for local communities.
Find out more about renewable incentives for Louisiana.
With half of its power coming from renewable sources, Maine is one of the US success stories. Hydroelectric fulfils a large part of this but there is also a thriving wind power industry and solar PV could improve with a good return on investment for installations.
Discover renewable incentives for Maine.
The state has a stiff target of 20% from renewables by 2020. By 2014 it was only producing just 7% so still has a long way to go. Recent changes to legislation has improved the uptake of solar PV and the introduction of clean energy tax credits has made a difference.
Find out about renewable technology incentives in Maryland.
The state has a renewable portfolio standard of 25% by 2020 and has a number of incentives in place to help realize this target. Massachusetts has a thriving and growing solar PV industry and good resources for developing other renewable technologies such as hydroelectric.
Discover more about incentives available for Massachusetts.
The state is pushing ahead with technologies such as solar and its first farm is supposed to go online this year. With energy also coming from nuclear and gas, Michigan is looking to develop a wide mix of technologies and is not just focused on renewables.
Find out more about incentives for Michigan.
Minnesota has an ambitious target of 25% of their energy from renewables by 2025 and there are a number of incentives in place to help them do this. With a growing solar industry and capacity for wind power in the region, the state will need to put in place more incentives if they are to achieve their RPS.
Explore renewable incentives in Minnesota.
Mississippi has huge potential for renewables, not least hydroelectric, but lags behind many states. In 2014 just 2.4% of power came from green energy of which the major part of this was from biomass.
Find out more about renewable incentives in Mississippi.
The state gets most of its energy from fossil fuels such as coal and just 3% from renewable sources. There is a renewable portfolio standard in place though to reach 15% by 2021 and wind is seen as a big part of this development in Missouri.
Despite its dependence on fossil fuels, Montana has made strong moves on the renewable energy front particularly for wind which currently provides 6.5% of the state energy needs. The solar industry is beginning to grow too as Montana tries to achieve its RPS of 15%.
Discover more about renewable technology incentives in Montana.
The state does not have a renewable portfolio incentive in place and has a strong dependency on coal as a power source. Despite great potential for wind power and solar, investment in these areas has been lacking. The biggest contributor to renewable power is biomass.
Find out more about renewable incentives for Nebraska.
Another state with high ambitions and a RPS of 25% by 2025, Nevada has plenty of great natural resources for going green, particularly wind and solar. The state also has a growing geothermal power industry that is second only to neighbor California.
The state is forging ahead with its renewable agenda and had 17% from green sources by the end of 2014. There are a number of incentives in place to ensure the growth of solar, wind and biomass in New Hampshire.
Find out about incentives in New Hampshire.
With the largest single rooftop array in the US, New Jersey may be small but has worked hard to develop its renewable portfolio. With a growing solar industry and capacity to develop wind power, there is plenty to incentivize residents to take up renewable technology.
The state of New Mexico outperforms many in the US when it comes to solar, despite having a strong dependence on oil and coal. The state has a RPS of 20% by 2020 and wind power has also grown gradually over the last few years.
The state has one of the biggest hydroelectric plants in the US and has long been associated with renewable energy. Solar, wind and biomass are becoming bigger industries and New York currently gets 17% of its electricity from all renewable sources.
Find out more about renewable technology incentives in New York.
The state has modest goals for renewable technology but there are a number of good local incentives in place. A large proportion of the current clean energy is provided by hydroelectric but there is scope to improve both wind and solar in the future.
Dependent on hydroelectric and wind energy, North Dakota also has the capacity to improve solar. There are incentives in place for both residential and commercial premises though the state is still heavily dependent on coal.
Find out more about renewable energy incentives in North Dakota.
The state has a modest RPS of just 12.5% to reach by 2025 but does have a number of incentives in place for promoting both wind and solar. Wind farms have been a major focus with capacity increasing quite dramatically over the last decade or so.
Discover more on renewable technology incentives in Ohio.
The state gets 17% of its electricity from wind power, despite an overriding reliance on fossil fuels such as coal. While wind is thriving, solar has stagnated in recent years despite conditions and return on investment for installations being good.
Find out more about incentives in Oklahoma.
With a large proportion of its energy coming from hydroelectric, Oregon is greener than many other states in the US. Installation of technologies such as solar and wind are greatly helped by the presence of good performance based incentives.
The state has a RPS of 18% in place which needs to be achieved by 2021, ambitious bearing in mind their reliance on fossil fuels such as coal. It does, however, have the only county which is totally powered by wind turbines.
Discover about renewable incentives in Pennsylvania.
As a small state, Rhode Island has concentrated more on solar and wind when it comes to renewable energy. Future developments may involve off shore wind farms such as the one planned at Delaware.
The state gets over half of its power currently from nuclear and most of its renewable energy comes from hydroelectric. South Carolina is beginning to invest more in wind power though the solar industry is still quite small compared to other states.
South Dakota is certainly one of the greenest states in the US and produces over 70% from hydroelectric and wind. While solar lags some way behind there are incentives in place to help get more of the power mix from this renewable source.
With 22 hydroelectric dams, Tennessee is already well place for renewable energy and has a number of incentives in place, particularly through the TVA. Solar is not as prominent, which is normal for many south eastern states in the US, but the Solar Opportunity Fund may well change this in the future.
Find out more about renewable technology incentives in Tennessee.
Texas is one of the leading lights in renewables particularly wind and solar, perhaps driven by high state wide electricity costs. Farmers can lease their land to utility companies and there are a number of good incentives in place to allow residential and commercial installations.
Explore renewable energy incentives in Texas.
The state doesn’t have a RPS in place but does have a voluntary goal of 20% by 2025 which means they have introduced a number of incentives to promote renewable energy. Much of the attention has been on developing wind power but solar has great potential for both residential and commercial properties.
With a mix of solar, hydroelectric and biomass, Vermont has a good portfolio of renewable technology to draw on. With a voluntary goal of 25% by 2017, there are numerous incentives in place to allow businesses and private homes to install green technologies.
Just 6.5% of the state’s energy currently comes from renewables, mostly biomass although there has been more interest in wind production in recent years, particularly off shore. Solar is growing slowly as is normally the case in the south eastern states though there is potential to develop this area more.
Hydroelectric provides 30% of the energy needs for Washington and the state has a moderate RPS in place in spite of this. Solar is a small but growing industry and wind power is being heavily invested in with capacity growing year on year.
Find out more about incentives in Washington.
Highly dependent on coal power, as with other south eastern states West Virginia has been slow taking on renewable technology. While it has a decent provision from hydroelectric, the solar industry is currently small but has the potential to expand with the right incentives in place.
With a large industrial sector, it is no surprise to find that Wisconsin is dependent on coal power though it does have a decent sized wind generating industry. Solar is again low down on the list of priorities despite the fact that installers can get a good return on investment.
Wyoming has low electricity prices and a dependence on coal and oil which makes it one of the less responsive states when it comes to renewables. Despite that, wind power is growing and while solar is nominal there is the potential to expand aggressively in the future.
Discover renewable energy incentives for Wyoming.